Logging

Logging to the Console

Components of the OVMS system output diagnostic logs (information, warnings, etc). You can choose to display these logs on your connected console with the ‘log monitor yes/no’ command:

OVMS# log monitor ?
Usage: log monitor [no|yes]
no                   Don't monitor log
yes                  Monitor log

By default, the USB console will have log monitoring ‘yes’, SSH (and telnet if enabled) ‘no’.

The web shell does not use the log monitor command but has a checkbox in the upper right corner of the shell panel instead. The keyboard shortcut for the checkbox is L (Alt-L or Alt-Shift-L depending on your browser). The web frontend gets the continuous stream of log messages independent of the shell panel or the monitoring being active, and shows the last 100 messages received when opening the shell panel.

Logs are output at various levels of verbosity, and you can control what is shown both globally and on a per-component basis:

OVMS# log level ?
none                 No logging (0)
error                Log at the ERROR level (1)
warn                 Log at the WARN level (2)
info                 Log at the INFO level (3)
debug                Log at the DEBUG level (4)
verbose              Log at the VERBOSE level (5)

(Note: sorted here for level clarity)

The syntax of this command is log level <level> [<component>]. If the component is not specified, the level applies to all components that don’t get a level set explicitly afterwards. The levels increase in verbosity, and setting a particular level will also include all log output at a lower level of verbosity (so, for example, setting level info will also include warn and error output).

A log line typically looks like this:

I (32244049) ovms-server-v2: One or more peers have connected
│  │         │               └─ Log message
│  │         └─ Component name
│  └─ Timestamp (milliseconds since boot)
└─ Log level (I=INFO)

Log levels are applied on log message generation, so a later change to a higher level will not reveal messages generated previously.

Logging to SD CARD

You can also choose to store logs on SD CARD. This is very useful to capture debugging information for the developers, as the log will show what happened before a crash or misbehaviour.

We recommend creating a directory to store logs, i.e.:

OVMS# vfs mkdir /sd/logs

To enable logging to a file, issue for example:

OVMS# log file /sd/logs/20180420.log

The destination file can be changed any time. To disable logging to the file, issue log close, to restart logging after a close issue log open. You may choose an arbitrary file name, good practice is using some date and/or bug identification tag. Note: logging will append to the file if it already exists. To remove a file, use vfs rm .

File logging does not persist over a reboot or crash (unless configured as shown below), you can use a script bound to the sd.mounted event to re-enable file logging automatically or configure automatic logging (see below).

You can use the webserver to view and download the files. The webserver default configuration enables directory listings and access to files located under the document root directory, which is /sd by default. Any path not bound to an internal webserver function is served from the document root. So you can get an inventory of your log files now at the URL:

http://192.168.4.1/logs/

…and access your log files from there or directly by their respective URLs. Another option to retrieve the files without unmounting the SD card is by scp if you have configured SSH access.

Logging Configuration

Use the web UI or config command to configure your log levels and file setup to be applied automatically on boot:

OVMS# config list log
log (readable writeable)
  file.enable: yes
  file.keepdays: 7
  file.maxsize: 1024
  file.path: /sd/logs/log
  file.syncperiod: 3
  level: info
  level.simcom: info
  level.v-twizy: verbose
  level.webserver: debug
../_images/logging.png

The log command can be used for temporary changes, if you change the configuration, it will be applied as a whole, replacing your temporary setup.

If a maximum file size >0 is configured, the file will be closed and archived when the size is reached. The archive name consists of the log file name with added suffix of the timestamp, i.e. /sd/logs/log.20180421-140356. Using a logs directory will keep all your archived logs accessible at one place. If file.keepdays is defined, older archived logs will automatically be deleted on a daily base.

Take care not to remove an SD card while logging to it is active (or any running file access). The log file should still be consistent, as it is synchronized after every write, but the SD file system currently cannot cope with SD removal with open files. You will need to reboot the module. To avoid this, always use the “Close” button or the log close command before removing the SD card.

You don’t need to re-enable logging to an SD path after insertion, the module will watch for the mount event and automatically start logging to it.

Performance Impact

SD card I/O has an impact on the module performance. So file logging should generally be switched off or run on a low level (i.e. “info” or “warn”) unless you’re hunting some bug or checking some details of operation. We also recommend using a fast SD card for logging (check the speed with sd status, check if you can raise config sdcard maxfreq.khz to 20000 kHz).

File logging is done by a separate task, but flushing the file buffers to the SD card still may block the logging CPU core or even both CPU cores for a short period. To reduce the impact of this, the log task by default only flushes the buffer after 1.5 seconds of log inactivity. This means you may lose the last log messages before a crash.

To change the flush behaviour, set config file.syncperiod to…

  • 0 = never flush (i.e. only at log close / log cycle)
  • < 0 = flush every n log messages (i.e. -1 = flush after every message)
  • > 0 = flush after n/2 seconds idle

The log task counts the time spent for flushes and outputs it with the log status command:

OVMS# log status
Log listeners      : 3
File logging status: active
  Log file path    : /sd/logs/log
  Current size     : 817.0 kB
  Cycle size       : 1024 kB
  Cycle count      : 8
  Dropped messages : 0
  Messages logged  : 70721
  Total fsync time : 651.1 s

This is an example for the default configuration of file.syncperiod: 3, the logging here has on average taken 651.1 / 70721 = 9 ms per message.